It is a complex of dunes originated approximately 7500-3300 years ago and they are the best preserved among Italy. Due to their exposure to the south, they have developed a perfectly lush Mediterranean vegetation. It has been a site of community interest over the last few years, and it will be shortly created the Natural Park of the Dunes of Campomarino.
Porto Cesareo is one of the best known tourist place of Salento, together with other famous locations like Otranto, Gallipoli and Santa Maria di Leuca. This is located on the Ionian coast of the Salento peninsula and, in addition to being a lively tourist town, is the headquarters of the “Area Marina Protetta e Riserva Naturale Orientata Regionale Palude del Conte e Duna Costiera”. Along the coastal itinerary that goes from Campomarino to Porto Cesareo, there are a series of lookout towers. The first two, Torre Borraco and Torre Colimena, risen as a defense against Saracen invasions, belong to the coastal area of Manduria. The others, built in the sixteenth century after the development of Porto Cesareo as a port of call and place for trade in agricultural products, are: Torre Lapillo, Torre Chianca and Torre Cesarea.
Nowadays Torre Lapillo is a suburb of Porto Cesareo, overlooking the Ionian Sea. Here the tower of the same name rises, also known as Torre di San Tommaso. The square tower (16 meters on each side), recently restored and well preserved, is 17 meters high, spreads over three levels and is one of the largest in the area. The tower has an access stairway with three arches below, the last one recently added, as the staircase ended with a drawbridge. This tower was part of the coastal defensive system built by Charles V to protect the Salento from the invasions of the Saracens. It was completed in February 1568. Today, the tower houses international study center and workshop, as well as it is the headquarters of “Le vie del Mediterraneo” Association. A spring of fresh water is visible near the fortified structure.
The depths of Salento, full of life, are a heaven for scuba divers from all around the world. A few kilometers from the Residence, in San Pietro in Bevagna (in the municipality of Manduria), you can admire a unique spectacle, while snorkelling: the so-called "Vasche del Re”. That is 23 Roman sarcophaguses made with rough marble, resting on the sandy bottom in about 5 meters deep and not very far from the beach. These large tanks have various sizes and shapes. The weight of every sarcophagus ranges from 1000 to 6000 kg, according to the estimates. Their presence dates back to the shipwreck (III cent. AD) of a Roman ship, probably coming from Greece (due to the nature of the white marble) to Rome. In addition, near the village of San Pietro in Bevagna, you can swim in the crystal clear waters of Chidro river, a stream fed by groundwater. This river forms three bodies of water and, after a course of 250 meters, flows into the sea. In the largest of these bodies, you can fall in an extraordinary world, incredibly evocative and full of plant and animal life kinds, in unique clear waters. This small lake has the shape of a funnel and a maximum depth of just over 12 meters. Its features and its wealth of numerous underwater outlets, that feed it in a perpetual boil, make it an attractive destination for scuba divers. Nowadays it is considered an important natural oasis for biodiversity due to the temporary presence of migratory species. Legends and myths of popular tradition refer to this fresh stream, concerning the permanence of the apostle Pietro.